Dealing with Segregation
lawyers from all over the country go to the Supreme Court every
year hoping to plead their cases. The Supreme Court rules only on
the most important cases. Often these cases are those that concern
basic freedoms and civil rights protected by the Bill of Rights.
Supreme Court is asked to make a decision so important that the
whole country pays careful attention to its ruling. Racial segregation
(the separation of black and white people) in public schools was
ruled unconstitutional by the Supreme Court in 1954. The Court’s
unanimous opinion outlawing this kind of separation in public schools
was written by Chief Justice Earl Warren. Schools all over the United
States were affected by this decision. This decision also paved
the way for new civil rights laws passed in the years that followed.